Architecture is defined by the various activities of designing a building, and constructing it. It is affected by society and cultural views and norms on what buildings should look like. The role of the architect has been vital to the development of landscapes, urban designs, town plans, and any other building for as long as humans have walked the earth. Essentially, it is every element of building an environment.
Architecture as a profession went through massive stages of evolution. It had to incorporate not just shelter, but also security. And then people wanted places of worship, places to congregate, and more. Yet, even our cavemen ancestors understood these principles, seeking shelter in the best caves. Slowly, however, they started to use raw materials to segregate themselves and have their own personal spaces and these actions eventually turned into the art of architecture.
Over the years, there have been some truly famous architects who have shaped the way we see the world. Every country and culture has some of these notable experts, as does every era. The world of architecture has gone through tremendous changes, although some pieces of truly amazing architecture not just still stand today, but continue to inspire today. Take, for instance, the Taj Mahal in India, the Egyptian pyramids, and the Great Wall of China.
All ancient architectures were mainly forms of arts. The Sumerians, Romans, Persians, Mayans, Incas, Etruscans, Africans, Indians, Greeks, and Egyptians all used it to showcase skill. All of them had their own peculiarities. The Romans focused on the dome, Africans build triangles, Indians built palaces and temples, Hindus and Islamic architects focused on forts, domes, and wall arts. The Chinese, meanwhile, developed a style all of their own, focusing on the horizontal axis, something still seen today. Europeans, by contrast, changed their style as often as they changed their social, political, and cultural concepts.
Modern architecture in the western world is based on three key influences:
- Post-World War II constructions, which are simplistic and quick to build.
- Art Nouveau, which is all about being experimental with shapes and forms.
- Victorian constructions, which is all about opulent living.
Although many styles have come before and since, and many of those are still noticed today, almost anything constructed today, can be brought back to those styles. For Pedro Martin Terra Group is more aware of this than any other construction company, and incorporates this into their work, while at the same time attempting to create a whole new style as well. Now is the time when architecture is finally moving away from the industrial revolution, something that is now seen as dirty and polluting. Instead, people want sustainability, natural materials, and a low carbon footprint. But they also still want to have the modern lines and shapes that we have all become used to. What the future will hold is anybody’s guess, but it is likely that eco-friendliness will continue to play a large part in construction and architecture.